;发布时间:2020-01-13

  富兰克林·德拉诺·罗斯福,史称“小罗斯福”,是美国第32任总统,美国历史上唯一连任超过两届的总统,下面是第一范文网小编为你整理的罗斯福英文简介,希望对你有用!

富兰克林·德拉诺·罗斯福简介

  Franklin D. Roosevelt (English: Franklin D.Roosevelt, January 30, 1882 - April 12, 1945), known as "Little Roosevelt", is the 32nd president of the United States, the only re-election in the history of the United States more than The president of the two (re-elected four, died in his fourth term), the longest president of the United States to date. Roosevelt family in the United States about 300 years of history, the 26th president of the United States Theodore Roosevelt is Franklin Roosevelt's uncle.

  During the Great Depression of the 1930s, Roosevelt pursued the New Deal to provide unemployment and recovery in the economy and set up numerous institutions to reform the economy and the banking system, rescued the United States from the abyss of the economic crisis, and some of the programs he initiated continued in the country Plays an important role. In addition, some of the systems established within its term remain so far. Roosevelt has led to the reorganization of the party, he and his wife Eleanor Roosevelt is still a model of modern American liberalism.

  Roosevelt was one of the key leaders of the Allies camp during the Second World War. After the Pearl Harbor incident in 1941, Roosevelt advocated war on Japan and introduced price controls and rations. Roosevelt to lease the bill to the United States into a "democratic country arsenal", so that the United States as the main arms of the major arms suppliers and financing, but also makes the US domestic industry a substantial expansion, to achieve full employment. After the late Allied forces gradually reversed the situation, Roosevelt played a key role in shaping the postwar world order, and its influence was particularly evident in the Yalta meeting and the establishment of the United Nations. Later, with the assistance of the United States, the Allies defeated Germany, Italy and Japan.

  Roosevelt has repeatedly been rated as the United States the best president of the United States authoritative journal "Atlantic Monthly" as the impact of the United States 100 characters fourth.

富兰克林·德拉诺·罗斯福人物生平

  Early life

  Franklin Delano Roosevelt was born in New York on January 30, 1882. His father, James Roosevelt, is an active figure in the diplomatic and business world. His mother, Sarah Delano, is a beautiful woman who has been educated and educated. James Bissar is 26 years old. After the mother's enlightenment education, Roosevelt studied Latin, French, German, calligraphy, arithmetic and European history with tutors. Roosevelt 5 years old to follow his father to see the then president of Cleveland, the President gave him a strange wish: "pray that God will never let you the president of the United States." But he has become the history of the longest ruling president, but also One of the most prestigious presidents.

  In 1896, Roosevelt was sent to cultivate political figures as the goal of the Groton school, began to adapt to the new environment. He has a lot of reading, knowledgeable, gentle, loving sports, good at tennis, golf, hiking and sailing. At that time, Groton school football popular football, he took the initiative to organize the cheerleaders, when the administrator. He is good at arguing, a member of the "Debate Society" who excelled in his high school at Grotton, giving the impression that he was able to strengthen his position with a pleasing way so that Rexford Tegwell The practice of dealing with difficult problems in Groton became the pattern of his behavior in subsequent similar situations. After graduating from Groton College, he once wanted to enter the Annapolis Naval Academy, hoping that he would be a naval officer in the future. But the old father resolutely opposed.

  In 1900, Roosevelt entered Harvard University, studying political science, history and journalism. This year, his 72-year-old father died, leaving $ 120,000 in deposits, his mother inherited from the grandfather's $ 1.3 million heritage, the University of Roosevelt is very keen on social activities, academic performance is not prominent, the number Travel to Europe, like ball activities. In Harvard he became a good assistant to the journal "Crimson". He made use of the influence of the reign of Theodore Roosevelt, where he served as the governor of New York, who came to Harvard to speak, and the press absorbed him as an assistant, and at that time Roosevelt was a partner of McKinley and the Democratic Party Brian ran for president. He will take the initiative to visit the principal, Elliott principals met with the first year of the new students. Roosevelt's offensive principal said: "If your vote represents your faith, you should be happy to put your influence on the balance." Elliot answered his question. Not only in the "crimson newspaper" published Franklin exclusive news, the United States has also been reproduced in other major newspapers. So that when Roosevelt graduated soon, promoted to the editor of the newspaper. In order to maintain his reputation, he studied at Harvard University for a year.

  In 1904, Roosevelt entered the Columbia University School of Law. In March 1905, married to Eleanor (President Theodore Roosevelt's niece). The president personally attended the wedding ceremony, making the wedding very solemn, but Franklin found that most people are from the president, which inspired his determination in politics. In 1907, Roosevelt graduated from the law school, into the law firm as a lawyer. At that time, he also for the famous overseas Chinese leader, the founder of the Chinese party to the founder of the Stuart Church in New York set up the "Anliang Tong" when the legal adviser for 10 years.

  Get involved in politics

  In 1910, Franklin Roosevelt began to get involved in politics as a Democrat. When he told the decision as a Republican president of the uncle, the other side of anger and cursed: "You despicable little bastard! You traitor ... ..." But Franklin Roosevelt did not change the direction of the forward. He was riding a red car, more than 10 times a day speech, and finally lucky elected New York senator.

  In 1913, President Wilson appointed him as the assistant minister of the Navy, where he was outstanding for seven years, advocating the construction of a "strong and capable naval force", and Franklin Roosevelt established the influence throughout his life in the Navy. In 1919, Franklin Roosevelt ran for Wilson's League of Nations, which led to the failure of the Vice-President of the campaign in 1920. Although the campaign failed, but his light as a political star has not cut. Since then, Roosevelt has served as vice chairman of the Maryland Credit and Savings Company, while re-operating the division. In addition, Franklin Roosevelt is also engaged in a variety of business adventure activities.

  In August 1921, Franklin Roosevelt took the family in Campo Belo Island vacation, after extinguishing a forest fire, he jumped into the cold sea water, so suffering from poliomyelitis. High fever, numbness, and lifelong disability, did not make Franklin Roosevelt give up the ideal and faith, he has been unremittingly exercise, trying to restore walking and standing ability, he used to treat the Georgia Spa was everyone called " Laughter earth place ". During the rehabilitations, Franklin Roosevelt read books in great numbers, with many biographies and historical writings, but few economic or philosophical works.

  Franklin Roosevelt's diplomatic thought stems from his most admired two presidents. His faraway Church, Theodore Roosevelt, taught him how to defend the national interests and achieve checks and balances of power. Woodrow Wilson taught him that the international order was based on the common maintenance of peace.

  In 1928, with the understanding and support of Mrs. Roosevelt, Roosevelt returned to politics and took part in the governor's campaign and won the governor of New York in 1929 (he was re-elected in 1930). New York can be said to be a place where Roosevelt fosters political activities and the ability to manage state affairs.

  Overcome the crisis

  Main entry: Great Depression, Roosevelt New Deal

  The presidential campaign in 1932 was conducted in the context of a serious financial crisis. November 1932 as a Democratic presidential candidate to participate in the election, put forward the implementation of the "New Deal" and the revitalization of the economy program. Political opponents often use his disability to attack him, this is Franklin Roosevelt have to fight with things for life, but he always with excellent performance, excellent eloquence and plenty of energy to become an advantage. The first time he went to the campaign, he told the people: "A governor is not necessarily an acrobat, and we have not chosen him because he can roll it forward or roll it, and he is working hard for the benefit of the people. Relying on such perseverance and optimism, Roosevelt finally defeated Hoover in 1933 as an absolute advantage to become president of the United States.

  In Franklin Roosevelt's first president, at the beginning of 1933, when the storm of the Great Depression swept across the United States, it was full of unemployment, bankruptcy, collapse, and collapse, and the pain, fear and despair of the United States. Franklin Roosevelt showed an overriding self-confidence that he gave a passionate speech at the time of his swearing to tell people that the only thing we fear is fear itself. In the cold afternoon of March 4, 1933, the new president's determination and relaxed optimism, "ignited the new spirit of the nation's heart and soul." And put forward a policy objective aimed at achieving national rejuvenation and good-neighborliness and friendship. Roosevelt entered the White House, the positive implementation of relief, reform and revival as the main content of the "Roosevelt New Deal." "New Deal" abandoned the traditional laissez-faire, to strengthen government intervention in the economic field, the implementation of deficit finance, vigorously develop the public utilities to stimulate the economy. In order to carry out the New Deal, Roosevelt will be a group of lawyers, experts and scholars of liberalism to form a think tank, consult the policy issues; through the "furnace conversation" approach, close ties with the masses, and against the New Deal of the Supreme Court resolute And successfully reorganized the Supreme Court.

  From 9 March to 16 June 1933, the United States Congress convened a special session of President Roosevelt. Roosevelt has made various statements, urging and directing the legislative work of Congress. Congress, at an alarming rate, passed the Emergency Banking Act, the Federal Emergency Relief Act, the Agricultural Adjustment Act, the National Industrial Renewal Act, the Tennessee River Basin Management Act, and so on.

  1933 to 1934 the New Deal focused on "revival", the main measures are: to maintain bank credit, the implementation of the depreciation of the dollar, to stimulate foreign trade, to limit agricultural production to maintain agricultural prices, to avoid bankruptcy of farmers; to stipulate the price of the agreement to reduce competition between enterprises , To stop the closure of enterprises 1935 - 1939 New Deal is focused on "relief" and "reform", the main measures are: more effective use of administrative intervention, the implementation of slow inflation, extensive public works and emergency relief, the implementation of social insurance , To expand employment opportunities and improve the social purchasing power; to carry out tax reform, according to the tax capacity of tax, levied corporate income tax and excessive profits tax. The Roosevelt New Deal has restored public confidence in the US political system and strengthened the federal government. And thus the United States of industry, agriculture gradually comprehensive recovery. The first term of office in 1936, the face of 50% increase in national income, Roosevelt soundsfully described: "At this moment, the factory machine playing music, the market is booming, bank credit strong, full of passenger and cargo travel Mercedes-Benz "Therefore, Roosevelt was elected president again in 1936, it is not surprising.

  The beginning of World War II

  In the mid-1930s, Germany, Italy and Japan fascist formed two war sources in Europe and Asia. However, at this time the United States prevailed in isolationism. In 1935, the US Congress passed a Pittman resolution aimed at keeping the United States neutral. The resolution stipulates that the war prohibits the United States from exporting weapons and equipment and credit, and the two-year "cash" clause authorizes the president to require the purchase of non-military goods in the United States to pay cash and ship with their own ships. In the face of the fascist country's aggression and expansion, isolationism and neutrality are tantamount to acquiescence and connivance of aggression and expansion. In order to guide the United States and its public to prepare for the anti-fascist war, to strengthen the US defense forces, Roosevelt and isolationism launched a resolute and artistic struggle.

  In October 1937, Roosevelt delivered a speech at the inauguration ceremony of the new bridge in Chicago, noting that "when a contagious disease began to spread, in order to protect the health of the residents, to prevent epidemic, social permission and common isolation of patients We are determined to be outside the war, but we can not guarantee that we are not affected by the effects of war and to avoid the crisis of warfare. "The quarantine speech," the war, the war, the war, the war, the war, the war, "And even after Roosevelt is not without fear, said:" You want to take a head, but look back, behind a person did not, how terrible this situation! "But" isolation speech "after all to the American public Pointing out the existence of war terror.

  In January 1938, Roosevelt urged a 20% increase in naval construction costs in the special message. Congress in a heated debate in May through Vincent to expand the naval law, allowing the development of the Navy 1 billion US dollars. This fact shows that most Americans who have seriously considered the problem have seen the threat of war and thus agree to strengthen defense. In December 1938, at the initiative of Roosevelt, the Pan American Conference adopted the Lima Declaration, which reflected the determination of the antiques of the American countries. In March 1938, after the Germans entered Prague, the US Deputy Secretary of State, on behalf of the President, condemned Germany's "unscrupulous wrongdoing" and "hegemony."

  In September 1939, after the outbreak of the Deborah war, Roosevelt had to publish a formal statement of neutrality and the implementation of legislation. At a special meeting held on Sept. 21, Roosevelt tried to use the embargo policy to bring disaster to the United States.

  In 1814 the parliament building was partially burned to persuade Congress to abolish the embargo clause, and claimed that "of course, to you to review this point is just a repeat of history." After a heated debate inside and outside the Congress, Congress passed the amendments to the legislature, abolished the embargo clause, the implementation of the principle of cash purchase (cash purchase, transport themselves). Roosevelt was signed immediately.

  In May 1940, the British and French troops defeated and defeated by the Germans. Roosevelt asked Congress to add additional defense funds to strengthen the combat readiness. In order to get the support of the Republicans, Roosevelt appointed Henry Stimin as Army Minister, Frank Knox for the Navy Minister. During the war, the US Army Minister for Harry Woodlin (1937 to June 1940), Henry Stimson (June 1940 to September 1945). Former Navy Minister for Claude Swanson (as of 1939), Charles Edison (1940), Frank Knox (June 1944 to 1944), James Forrest (1944) Year succession). At the moment of the British face of danger, Roosevelt began to provide weapons and equipment to the United Kingdom.

  Three reelection

  In the early years of the presidential campaign in 1940, Roosevelt devoted all his energies to the expansion of military preparations. Under the influence of Roosevelt, Congress approved the expansion of Lu Haijun, and Berke-Worthworth selected the military service law. On September 2, Roosevelt signed an agreement with Britain to transfer 50 destroyers to the UK, while Britain leased some naval bases to the United States. This agreement means the end of a formal neutrality, marking the beginning of the limited US war. In July 1940, when Democrats held a presidential nomination meeting in Chicago, delegates were still unclear whether Roosevelt would seek a third term without a precedent from the president of Washington.

  In this regard, Roosevelt played a little trick. He made a statement to the nomination meeting by Senator Albert Barkley, declaring that he did not have the wishes and purpose of the next president and urged the delegates to elect whatever they were, but then through Senator Lister Hill put his name on the nomination list. However, the Republican presidential candidate Wendell Wilke was wantonly launched: "The election of Roosevelt means sending their sons, brothers and lovers into the grave." The assembly began to vote. When the list of Roosevelt as a candidate was submitted to the General Assembly, the whole meeting was a mess, and the delegates expressed strong opposition to booing and drinking. Roosevelt was forced to change his strategy to assure the voters that he was peace, even at the promise: "Your child will not be sent to any foreign war ... The purpose of our defense is defense." Mrs Roosevelt, From the New York to Chicago, made a speech outside the meeting, which soon changed the atmosphere of the venue, she said: "1940 is not the usual period, but the war is approaching the extraordinary period, in addition to what we can do for the whole national interests In addition to this problem, we should not quarrel over any other problem. The words of Mrs. Roosevelt touched the hearts of the delegates, and in the evening there was a prominent position in the speeches of Mrs. Roosevelt, and the mood of the voters turned to Roosevelt at that time, because of the frequent world war, to ensure that the US foreign policy In the same way, the Americans, especially the isolationists, did not approve of the leaders' halfway, so 55% of the voters chose Roosevelt, so Roosevelt finally broke the tradition of the "father" George Washington president, America president.

  In December 1940, Roosevelt, who was visiting the Caribbean region of Latin America, received an urgent letter from British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, known as the German military force, the British needed a lot of weapons, but the British finance could not pay cash for US weapons and equipment The day is coming. So, Roosevelt did not mention the proposal by the US loan to the United Kingdom or to the British military supplies, but talked about the usual analogy - "I" lined the garden water pipe to the house of fire neighbors to help the neighbors Fire, and fire after the neighbors are returned to the water pipe or compensation for water pipes, are good to discuss; then in the fireside statement declared: "We must become a great arsenal of democratic countries," "I ask our people absolutely believe that our common cause will be Great success ". The American public is in favor of this.

  On January 6, 1941, Roosevelt urged Congress to "authorize and allocate sufficient money to create more arms and a variety of military supplies for the transfer of countries that are now fighting in real terms with the aggression of the country". On March 11, 1941, the bill passed by Congress (the President had the right to lease weapons and equipment to the United States security-related countries) entered into by the President. (60% to the UK, 32% for the Soviet Union). The passage of the lease bill, leaving the United States in a state of non-war, is an important milestone for the United States to actively intervene in the anti-fascist war.

  June 22, 1941, after the outbreak of the Soviet war, Roosevelt condemned the German aggression, announced that the United States will aid the Soviet Union. In August, Roosevelt and Churchill held talks in Newfoundland and published the Atlantic Charter. The Charter states that the United States and the United Kingdom do not seek territorial expansion and are reluctant to violate territorial changes in respect of national will and respect the right of peoples to choose their forms of government.

  The United States war

  December 7, 1941, Japan attacked Pearl Harbor, the Pacific War broke out. The United States and Britain declared war on Japan. The next day, Germany and Italy declared war on the United States. The United States formally participated in the Second World War. General of the US Pacific Army Commander, Lieutenant General Walter Schott, and Commander-in-Chief of the Pacific Fleet, Admiral Husbonde Kimmel, who was responsible for the Pearl Harbor incident, were discharged on 17 December. In February and March of the following year, Schott and Kim Meyer retired from Major General and Major General Navy.

  In order to win the war, Roosevelt ordered the implementation of the war to mobilize and reorganize the army command.

  Before the end of the war, the US Armed Forces reached 15.14 million, of which the army was 10.42 million, the Army Air Force was 2.3 million (more than 70,000 aircraft), 388,000 were naval (4,500 ships), the Marine Corps 59 More than 10,000 people, the coast garrison more than 240,000 people. In June 1941 the establishment of the Bureau of Scientific Research and Development in charge of national defense science and technology research, the main achievements are: radar and electronic equipment development, combat rockets, bombs, missiles and other radio fuels, atomic bombs and so on. Production Administration in the spring and summer of 1941 to the United States gradually completed the transition to the wartime economy. Since then, the Preferential Distribution Commission, the Wartime Production Committee, the Economic Stability Committee, the Wartime Mobilization Committee (Institutional Functions or Crossing, or Inheritance) are responsible for the production and distribution of war materials and ensured the war needs of the United States and its allies. The Press Inspectorate and the Wartime Information Bureau are responsible for US journalism and publicity. Since 1939, Roosevelt on the frail old general forced retirement, to promote the ability to combat the command of the officers into the highest command class. In 1942, Roosevelt ordered the formation of the Joint Chiefs of Staff on the basis of the Joint Liaison Committee of the Land and the Navy (by Army Chief of Staff George Marshall, Navy Operations Minister Ernest King, Army Air Force Commander Henry Arnold and Presidential Staff Officer William · Li Hai), the implementation of unified command of the armed forces.

  Roosevelt awakened American external interventionism in the 1940s, and he decided to establish a world peace organization after World War II - the United Nations. In order to jointly study the military situation and develop a joint operational plan, Roosevelt and Churchill held the "Arcadia" meeting in Washington (December 1941), the main agreements reached: 1942 and 1943 US production targets; the establishment of "military (The formation of the Sino-Burmese war zone US military headquarters); the establishment of the Sino-British war zone, the United States and Britain, the United States and Britain Joint Chiefs of Staff meeting, coordination of the Allied joint operations; Reaffirmed the Allies strategy as "the first in Europe" that is the first victory over Nazi Germany; the development of "joint national declaration".

  In 1942 New Year's Day, under the auspices of Roosevelt, representatives of 26 countries, such as the United States (Roosevelt) (Churchill) Su (Li Weinuo Fu), signed the Joint Declaration of the United Nations in Washington, Formation, it is worth mentioning that, at the time of signing, China to "four countries" as one of the identity of China's international status unprecedented increase. "On the 6th of January, Roosevelt said in his statement to the US Congress:" The millions of Chinese people have been fighting bombing and famine, and have been attacking the aggressors again and again in Japan's armed and equipment dominance. " On February 7, Roosevelt called Chiang Kai-shek: "The heroic resistance of the Chinese army to your country's brutal aggression has won the highest praise from the United States and all the free peoples." The Chinese people, armed and armed are equally In the unfavorable circumstances, the tenacious struggle against the enemy, who had a great advantage over equipment for almost five years, was encouraged by the other coalition forces and the whole people.

  In the first half of 1942, the British troops in North Africa were repeatedly defeated, and the military situation faced by allies was extremely unfavorable. In order to get rid of the military dilemma and as the Allies can not be opened in Europe in 1942 the second battlefield compensation, Roosevelt regardless of Marshall's opposition, and Churchill decided to implement the North African landing plan. North Africa fighting to destroy the German and German troops.

  In early 1943, Roosevelt and Churchill led the command and staff officers to Morocco's Casablanca, held a military meeting. The meeting decided: 1943 attack Sicilian, attack the French operations extended to 1944. Announce the principle of unconditional surrender of Axis. At the joint press conference after the meeting, Roosevelt declared: "The fascist axis must surrender unconditionally." "This is not to say that we want to destroy all the inhabitants of Germany, Italy and Japan, but it is necessary to eliminate the conquest in these countries And enslave the philosophy of the other people ". In August with Churchill held a meeting in Quebec to discuss the Allies in France to open up the second battlefield "Overlord" program. From 1943 onwards, the Allies from strategic defense to strategic attack. In order to coordinate the Allied operations and explore the allies of the postwar policy, Roosevelt has held a series of important meetings with the Allies summit.

  In March 1943, Roosevelt spoke with Aydin about the establishment of an international organization to maintain world peace and security after the war. Under the efforts of Roosevelt, Congress agreed with the United States to participate in such international organizations. In May, Roosevelt, Churchill, and the command and staff officers held a "Trident" meeting in Washington, DC, decided to seize the Azores to provide new naval and naval military bases; to strengthen air strikes against Germany; to order Eisenhower after the occupation of Sicily To prepare for the attack on the Italian mainland; May 1 next year to implement the "Overlord" plan date; to develop detailed plans to launch a new offensive in the Pacific region. After the collapse of the Mexican government of the Mexican government, Roosevelt and Churchill held a "quadrant" meeting in Quebec in August and decided to negotiate a truce with the new government. But the Allies are still fighting for the Germans for Italy.

  From November 22, 1943 to November 26, 1943, Roosevelt held a Cairo meeting with British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, President of the Chinese Kuomintang, Chairman of the National Government and Chairman of the Military Commission, Chiang Kai-shek. The meeting discussed the military situation in China and Myanmar and decided to implement the "Ana Jim" plan, signed the three countries "Cairo Declaration." The Declaration stipulates that the three countries are designed to deprive Japan of all the islands mentioned in the Pacific since the First World War, so that Japan's theft of China's territory to return to China, so that North Korea to freedom and independence. Asked Japan to surrender unconditionally. After the Cairo meeting, November 28, 1943 ~ December 1, 1943, Roosevelt, Churchill and his party went to Iran and the Soviet Union Supreme Commander Stalin held Tehran meeting. The meeting mainly discussed the opening of the second battlefield in Europe, the Italian region's military operations and the Pacific's offensive operations, the German surrender after the Soviet Union's war against Japan, the Polish border, post-war Germany's disposal and the establishment of post-war international peace and security organizations problem. The meeting reaffirmed that the Allies would implement the Overlord program in May 1944. Roosevelt in order to let Marshall stay in Washington, decided to appoint Eisenhower for the implementation of "Overlord" program of the Allied Supreme Commander.

  June 5, 1944 (due to climate reasons by the May 1 delay), the Allies landed in Normandy, France, the implementation of "Overlord" operational plan, the formation of the second battlefield in Europe. In 1944, the Second World War to the most critical juncture, the US presidential election is also approaching. US public opinion generally believe that the key moment of the executive head should not be replaced. The Democratic Party of the United States warns voters that "it is best to change the boat to the river."

  Four times elected

  Roosevelt selected Harry S. Truman as his partner. At first, Truman felt suddenly that he had never had such a campaign, fearing that the future of Roosevelt was not helpful. After Roosevelt persuaded, he finally agreed. In order to win the election, Roosevelt dismissed the Republican presidential candidate Thomas E. Dewey's "tired old man" attack, open his doctor Ross McIntyre Navy will show a health certificate to the scene , And demonstrating campaigning in harsh weather.

  November 17, 1944, Roosevelt again with 53% of the vote was elected to the fourth president of the United States. In 1944 he held a series of meetings to implement a more open policy in the fields of finance, trade, food and agriculture. In short, he saw the United States, he was the only person who could prevent the United States from committing an isolationist mistake.

  February 4, 1945 to February 11, 1945, Roosevelt, Churchill, Stalin held in the Crimean Peninsula Yalta meeting. The meeting mainly discussed the post-war Germany's disposal, Poland, Eastern European government, the United Nations, the Soviet Union and other issues. The meeting reiterated that Nazi Germany had to surrender unconditionally. During this term, Roosevelt only held his 73-day post in Georgia. In this way, Franklin Roosevelt served as a four-year, 12-year and 39-day president, is the first term of more than two sessions, breaking the Washington presidency of the president. Due to the limitations of Article 22 of the Constitutional Amendment adopted in 1951, he was the only president in the history of the United States with a term of four. Roosevelt's authoritative biographer James Burns, after a lot of research and draw the following conclusions: to seize public opinion; good at choosing the opportunity; care about political details; pay attention to the internal factions; personal charm and political skills. Roosevelt's reelection of the four presidents was of paramount importance to the American political system and the world's anti-fascist war. Roosevelt was an unnamed president of the fourth president of the United States, the extraordinary state of the Second World War so that the American people gave him great power. After the end of World War II, the strength of the United States reached its peak.