;发布时间:2020-02-24

  纳尔逊·罗利赫拉赫拉·曼德拉,先后获南非大学文学士和威特沃特斯兰德大学律师资格,下面是第一范文网小编为你整理的曼德拉的英文简介,希望对你有用!

纳尔逊·罗利赫拉赫拉·曼德拉简介

  July 18, 1818, Mandela was born in South Africa Trance Kay, Mandela since childhood character strong, respect for national heroes. He was the eldest son of his family and was designated as the heir to the chief. But he said: "Do not want to rule the emperor as an oppressed tribe," and to "in the name of a soldier in the name of the liberation of the cause of national", he resolutely embarked on the road of the pursuit of national liberation. Mandela took part in the South African African National Congress (NPC), which advocated non-violent struggle in 1944. In 1948 was elected the National Youth League "Youth League" national secretary, 1950, the ANC "Youth League" national chairman. In 1952 he served as chairman of the ANC, Dransceva province, vice chairman of the country. At the end of the same year, he successfully organized and led the "contempt for injustice movement", won the respect of all blacks. He had secretly visited abroad and attended the Pan African Games held in Addis Ababa, calling for economic sanctions against South Africa. In June 1961 Mandela created the Nazi military organization "national spear", served as commander in chief. In August 1962, Mandela was arrested and imprisoned, when he was only 43 years old, the South African government sentenced him to political incitement and illegal transgression 5 years imprisonment. In June 1964, he was accused of conspiracy to subvert the crime and sentenced to life imprisonment, from the beginning of a long iron window career, in prison spent up to 27 spring and autumn, he was persecuted and tortured, but always strong unyielding. February 11, 1990, the South African authorities at home and abroad under the pressure of public opinion, was forced to declare unconditional release Mandela. In March the same year, he was appointed by the National Executive Committee as vice chairman, acting chairman, in July 1991 was elected chairman. In 1993 the identity of the founder of peace was awarded the year's "Time magazine" one of the first man of the year. In April 1994, the ANC won the first non-racial election in South Africa. In May the same year, Mandela became South Africa's first black president. In December 1997, Mandela resigned as chairman of the ANC and said he was no longer in the June 1999 presidential campaign. June 1999 officially resigned.

  On November 10, 20xx, the 64th session of the General Assembly adopted a resolution, since 20xx, will be held every year on July 18 Mandela's birthday as "Mandela International Day" in recognition of his peace and freedom to make The contribution.

  Works "to the road of freedom will not be flat"

  "Struggle is life"

  The Declaration on Freedom of the World

  Autobiography "free road long"

  20xx World Cup in South Africa June 11 local time at 2 pm will be in Johannesburg football city stadium opened, Mandela will appear at the opening ceremony of the World Cup, and he arrived at the way the way the helicopter will be

  Beijing time on June 11 at noon, the Mandela Foundation announced a bad news, in this world are celebrating the World Cup is about to start the tragedy: South Africa's former president Nielsen - Mandela's granddaughter, 13 years old Of Zenani - Mandela in the World Cup on the eve of the concert after the accident suffered a car accident.

  This tragedy took place a few hours before Mr. Mandela's attendance at the opening ceremony of the World Cup, a great blow to the former president of South Africa, and the tragic event was whether he would attend South Africa World Cup opening ceremony questioned.

  Mandela Foundation said Zenani - Mandela is watching the last night at the Orlando Stadium in Johannesburg after the Soweto concert, in the local time on June 11 at 0:30 (Beijing time on June 11 Day 6:30) around the way home by car accident killed. According to BBC reporters, due to the highway was too slippery, Zenani - Mandela's car finally out of the highway overturned to the ground. A spokesman for the police said that at that time with Zenani - Mandela is Mandela's ex-wife Winnie - Marty Kisarra, but, in addition to Zenani died, other colleagues did not appear casualties. At present, the police have taken the driver away from the investigation, because the scene without any other victims and colliding vehicles, so they suspect that this is a deliberate homicide.

  "Mandela's family now wants the public to give them some private space to deal with funeral and mourning," the Mandela Foundation said in a statement.

  Zenani is one of the nine great-grandchildren of Mandela, who had just spent his 13th birthday on June 9, and there was news that she would have attended the opening ceremony of the World Cup in South Africa with Mr. Mandela. This tragedy took place a few hours before Mr. Mandela's attendance at the opening ceremony of the World Cup, a great blow to the former president of South Africa, which eventually led to Mandela's absence The opening ceremony of the World Cup in South Africa.

  Up to now, the Mandela Foundation's official website and the major media in South Africa have not reported on the matter and Mr. Mandela's next move, and wish the 92-year-old to survive this near-devastating blow The

  Beijing time on June 11, the former president of South Africa, Nelson - Mandela's granddaughter died because of a car accident died 10 hours later, Mandela Foundation official website issued a circular, the official statement, Mr. Mandela After the death of the granddaughter, Mandela will no longer attend the opening ceremony of the 20xx World Cup in South Africa. The Mandela Foundation stated in the notice that Mr. Mandela would not be fit to appear at the opening ceremony of the World Cup as a result of Mr Mandela's great-granddaughter. The Mandela Foundation hopes that all the people of South Africa and the peoples of the world will be able to give Mr. Mandela and his family a firm support and encouragement to help them through this sad time.

  Mandela Foundation said they still believe that the 20xx World Cup in South Africa for South Africa and the entire African continent will be a historic moment, and will be a great success. Mr. Mandela Although I can not visit the opening scene, but his spirit will be with the people of South Africa.

  June 11, 20xx, at the opening ceremony of the World Cup in South Africa, that moment of the hero, neither gathered Johannesburg star biggest names, nor is the man in charge of FIFA Chairman Blatter, but not the presence of former South African President Nelson Man De la

  Unfortunately, the 92-year-old Mandela, did not attend the opening ceremony held in the football city. But this did not hinder the South African audience at the opening ceremony, twice shouting his name. Manchester United once the way through the television video to the audience speech, and the other is by his lyrics song in the audience sing.

  And it is gratifying that, in the 20xx South Africa World Cup closing ceremony, Spain 1: 0 Dutch won the championship, and Mandela also accompanied his wife sitting on the electric four-wheeled car, together with the closing ceremony, by the Football Federation Chairman and some dignitaries of the meeting, and Mandela up to fifteen minutes of waving, let us see the elderly optimistic attitude of life, there will not be beaten strong. Football is the world, regardless of race, regardless of color, regardless of rich and poor.

  Mandela, a black leader of South Africa who won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1993 for his great contribution to the abolition of the South African Racial Discrimination Policy.

纳尔逊·罗利赫拉赫拉·曼德拉诺贝尔奖

  In 1991, UNESCO awarded Mandela "Wufuer - Bovini for Peace Prize". In October 1993, the Nobel Peace Commission awarded him the Nobel Peace Prize in recognition of his contribution to the abolition of the South African Racial Discrimination Policy. In the same year he was also awarded the American Philadelphia Medal of Freedom with the then South African President De Klerk. In September 1998 Mandela visited the United States, won the US "Congress Gold Award", became the first to obtain the highest award of the African Americans. In August 20xx, the Southern African Development Community (SADC) was awarded the "Kama" Medal in recognition of his outstanding achievements in the long-term struggle to lead the people of South Africa in the struggle for peace in the realization of the old and new South Africa, as well as during the presidency of SADC contribution.

  1992 Mandela and Winnie separation, March 19, 1996, the court ruled that Mandela and Winnie divorce. The current wife, Graca Machel, was the widow of Mozambique's former president, Zamora, and married Adelaide on 18 July 1998.

  In October 1992, he visited China for the first time and was awarded a doctorate degree in honor law from Peking University on the 5th. In May 1999, President Mandela was invited to visit China. He was the first South African head of state to visit China.